Saturday, May 24, 2008

Week 10 - Bulgaria

This week the country is Bulgaria.

Bulgaria is located in Southeastern Europe, right above Greece. It also borders Romania, Macedonia, Turkey, and Serbia.

The capital of Bulgaria is Sofia.

Pictures of Bulgaria:


Anonymous said...

Bulgaria fought on the losing side of both world wars, and fell under Soviet influence. Communist control ended in 1990. Since then, Bulgaria has been struggling against inflation, unemployment, and corruption to move toward democracy and a market economy.

On a totally different note... Viktor Krum, star Quidditch player from the Harry Potter series, is from Bulgaria. :-)

Kayla said...

Some information about Bulgaria:

-Bulgarian 85.3%
-Turk 8.5%
-Gypsy 2.6%
-Macedonian 2.5%
-Armenian 0.3%
-Russian 0.2%
-other 0.6%

-Bulgarian 84.5%
-Turkish 9.6%
-Roma 4.1%
-other and unspecified 1.8%

-Bulgarian Orthodox 82.6%
-Muslim 12.2%
-Jewish 0.8%
-Roman Catholic 0.5%
-Protestant, Gregorian-Armenian, and other 0.5%

Kayla said...

Lactobacillus Bulgaricus, the bacterium that is responsible for giving Bulgarian yogurt its unique flavor and consistency, thrives freely in the Balkan Peninsula. First identified in 1905 by the Bulgarian doctor Stamen Grigorov, it is named after Bulgaria. The bacterium feeds on milk and produces lactic acid which also helps to preserve the milk. It breaks down lactose and is often helpful to sufferers of lactose intolerance, whose digestive systems lack the enzymes to break down lactose to simpler sugars. While fermenting milk, Lactobacillus bulgaricus produces acetaldehyde, which perfumes yogurt.
According to legend, a Bulgarian shepherd in the Balkan Mountains who did not have enough vessels to hold all the milk from his sheep made a bag from a fresh lamb's hide and put the extra milk there. The next morning he found yogurt in the bag, most likely generated by Lactobacillus Bulgaricus. Other legends suggest that yogurt was known even to the Bulgars (a nomadic tribe, also known as the proto-Bulgarians).
Between 13th and 18th century AD Bulgaria was under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, and Turkish was the official language. The word yogurt most probably came into English from the Turkish "yogurut".